Saudi Aramco World: March/April 2014 - page 7

March/April 2014
5
Produced in Portugal between 1500 and 1502, the Cantino world map shows the north-to-south line, in the left quarter of the map, stipulated
by the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas. Spain received control westward, and Portugal eastward, of the line. Spain gained the greater territory, but
Portugal held Brazil, from which it monopolized its newfound maritime route around Africa, which relied on the South Atlantic gyre,
below.
Indians, especially poor Indians, took to capsicum chiles very quickly, and
for once, this benefit was recorded. Indian food scholar K. T. Achaya discov-
ered that South Indian composer Purandaradasa (1480—1564) had called
chiles “savior of the poor, enhancer of good food, fiery when bitten.”
Ocean Gyres and the Early Diffusion of
Capsicum
Peppers
Cold current
Warm current
SOURCES:
; NIGEL LAUBSCH; UNIVERSITY OF WAIKATO
1530’s,
Portuguese
1560’s, SpaniSh
1493, Columbus
1500’s,Portuguese
1548,
England
1515,
Morocco
1532,
Italy
Mid-1500’s, Silk Roads,
MuSlim traders
1520’s,
Portuguese
1530’s,
Portuguese
1,2,3,4,5,6 8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,...52
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