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From Nimrud, now in Iraq, this

winged ivory sphinx crowned

with a solar disc elegantly

exemplifies the diffusion

and adaptation of Egyptian

symbols north and east during

the early first millennium

bce

.

Photo courtesy Metropolitan

Museum of Art.

aramcoworld.com

March/April 2015

Vol. 66, No. 2

Saudi Aramco and Aramco are trademarks of the Saudi

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Back Cover

Outside a door frame carved

in a style found from the

Arabian Peninsula to the

Indian subcontinent, women

stand in the old quarter of

Bagamoyo, Tanzania, which

since independence in 1964 has

become known also for its art and

music. Photo by Mariella Furrer.

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Assyria to Iberia

Written by Richard Covington

It was around 600

bce

when a goldsmith

migrated from Phoenicia, along the eastern

Mediterranean coast, west to the metal-rich

island of Sardinia, and there, he combined

and reinterpreted several Egyptian symbols

to make this bracelet panel. Both his move

and his craft were part of the flow of trade,

arts and cultures that defined much in the

pre-classical Mediterranean and Near East,

which this winter became the focus of

the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s

third exhibition to explore early

cross-cultural exchanges.

Sea Change Comes to Bagamoyo

Written by Amanda Leigh Lichtenstein

Photography by Mariella Furrer

Under Arab, Portuguese, German and English rule, commerce and the town’s strategic location

on East Africa’s coast made Bagamoyo a leading port from the 1300s to the late 1800s. Now

Tanzania has unveiled a 30-year plan to transform the town and environs into the largest seaport

the coast has ever seen and link it, once again, to the rest of the Indian Ocean and China.

12

2

March/April2015

aramcoworld.com

Assyria toIberia

AramcoWorld

March/April2015

Vol. 66 No.2

2/18/15 2:19AM

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Edito

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rthur P. Clark

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Digital Media Editor

Johnny Hanson

Circulation

Edna Catchings

Administration

Sarah Miller

Print Design

and Production

Graphic Engine Design

Printed in the USA

RR Donnelley/Wetmore

Digital Design

and Production

eSiteful Corporation

Online Translati ns

Transperfect

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[email protected] Editorial: [email protected] Mail:

AramcoWorld

Post Office Box 2106

Houston, Texas

77252-2106 USA

ISSN

1530-5821