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Commuter boats pack a river-

bank upstream from Suriname’s

capital, Paramaribo, serving

towns and villages where

residents might be recent

immigrants from almost

anywhere, or descendants of

slaves, colonists or indigenous

tribes. Art by Norman MacDonald.

July/August2015

aramcoworld.com

aramcoworld.com

July/August 2015

Vol. 66, No. 4

@aramcoworld

We distribute

AramcoWorld

to increase cross-cultural

understanding by broadening knowledge of the histories,

cultures and geography of the Arab and Muslim worlds

and their global connections. In print,

AramcoWorld

is

distributed six times a year, without charge, to a limited

number of interested readers; online, it is archived and

indexed from 1960 to the present.

Back Cover

Braided and pressed in the center

with a bread stamp, this round

of bread dough in Tashkent,

Uzbekistan, is ready to be slapped

by hand onto the wall of a clay oven,

where it will bake to gold-crust

perfection. Photo by Eric Hansen.

Publisher

Saudi Arabian

Oil Company

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and CEO

Amin H. Nasser

Vice President

Corporate Affairs

Nasser A. Al-Nafisee

General Manager

Public Affairs

Essam Z. Tawfiq

Manager

Public Relations

Haifa I. Addad

Editor

Richard Doughty

Assistant Editors

Arthur P. Clark

Alva Robinson

Digital Media Editor

Johnny Hanson

Circulation

Melissa Altman

Administration

Sarah Miller

Intern

Suzanne Bader

Print Design

and Production

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Printed in the USA

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eSiteful Corporation

Online Translations

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Mail:

AramcoWorld

Post Office Box 5000

Dhahran 31311,

Saudi Arabia

ISSN

1530-5821

Saudi Aramco and Aramco are trademarks of the Saudi Arabian Oil Company,

a leading, globally integrated energy and chemicals company.

Ferozkoh: Renewing the Arts

of the Turquoise Mountain

Written by Lee Lawrence

Photographs courtesy of Turquoise Mountain Institute

After 15 woodworkers, painters, calligraphers and jewelers from Afghanistan

visited the Museum of Islamic Art in Doha, Qatar, they produced an exhibit in

which the classical inspired the modern. Now, the artists themselves are helping

to inspire the renewal of a deep—and too-little-known—artistic heritage.

12

Six Degrees

of Suriname

Illustrated and written

by NormanMacDonald

Independent since 1975,

Suriname began as an English

and then a Dutch colony.

Now among the western hemisphere’s

most culturally diverse countries, it also

lays claim to the hemisphere’s highest percentage

of population identifying as Muslims: 14 percent.

Our Canada-born, Amsterdam-based, award-winning

illustrator-author paid a visit to sketch and listen.

2

Publisher

Aramco Services Company

9009 West Loop South

Houston, Texas 77096

USA

President

Nabeel M. Amudi

Director

Public Affairs

Ali M. Al Mutairi

Editor

Richard Doughty

Assistant Editor

Arthur P. Clark

Circulation

Edna Catchings

dministration

Sarah Miller

Publisher

ramco Services Company

President

Basil A. Abul-Hamayel

Director

ublic Affairs

Jamal K. Khudair

Editor

Richard Doughty

Assistant Editors

Arthur P. Clark

Alva Robinson

Digital Media Editor

Johnny Hanson

Circulation

Melissa Altman

Administration

Sarah Miller

Intern

Suzanne Bader

Print Design

and Production

Graphic Engine Design

Printed in the USA

RR Donnelley/Wetmore

Digi al Design

and Production

eSiteful Corporation

Online Translations

Transperfect

Contacts

Sub criptions:

[email protected]

Editorial:

[email protected] s.com

Mail:

AramcoWorld

Post Office Box 2106

Houston, Texas

77252-2106 USA

ISSN

1530-5821