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Into the slowly rising waters of the

North Aral Sea, a fisherman wades

out along a marshy shore that from

the 1980s until a few years ago was a

dusty desert’s edge. This smaller, now

separate part of what was once the

world’s fourth-largest inland sea has

increased its water volume by half in

a decade. Photo by Carolyn Drake.

September/October2015

aramcoworld.com

REVIVING

THE

NORTH

ARAL

SEA

aramcoworld.com

September/October 2015

Vol. 66, No. 5

We distribute

AramcoWorld

to increase cross-cultural

understanding by broadening knowledge of the histories,

cultures and geography of the Arab and Muslim worlds

and their global connections. In print,

AramcoWorld

is

distributed six times a year, without charge, to a limited

number of interested readers; online, it is archived and

indexed from 1960 to the present.

Back Cover

Ibn Hazm’s epic in poetry and

prose may have influenced

European troubadours; the

Beatles, Elvis and scores of

today’s pop singers all knew

what he was writing about,

even if none of them ever

read

The Ring of the Dove

.

Art by Belén Esturla.

Saudi Aramco and Aramco are trademarks of the Saudi Arabian Oil Company,

a leading, globally integrated energy and chemicals company.

Reviving the

North Aral Sea

Written by Larry Luxner

Photographs by Carolyn Drake

A decade after Kazakhstan

completed a dam, fish are returning

to the northern reaches of the inland

sea that became a global icon of

environmental collapse.

2

Fashioning

a Dialogue

Written by Piney Kesting

Photographs and video by David H. Wells

14

Born in a refugee camp in Kenya, 19-year-old Somali-American

designer Sahro Hassan has won awards as well as acclaim in

her hometown of Lewiston, Maine, for “modest fashion” that

can appeal to Muslim and non-Muslim women alike.

Publisher

Saudi Arabian

Oil Company

Acting President

and CEO

Amin H. Nasser

Vice President

Corporate Affairs

Nasser A. Al-Nafisee

General Manager

Public Affairs

Essam Z. Tawfiq

Manager

Public Relations

Haifa I. Addad

Editor

Richard Doughty

Assistant Editors

Arthur P. Clark

Alva Robinson

Digital Media Editor

Johnny Hanson

Circulation

Melissa Altman

Administration

Sarah Miller

Intern

Suzanne Bader

Print Design

and Production

Graphic Engine Design

Printed in the USA

RR Donnelley/Wetmore

Digital Design

and Production

eSiteful Corporation

Online Translations

Transperfect

Contacts

Subscriptions:

[email protected]

Editorial:

[email protected]

Mail:

AramcoWorld

Post Office Box 5000

Dhahran 31311,

Saudi Arabia

ISSN

1530-5821

Publishe

Aramco Services Company

9009 West Loop South

Houston, Texas 77096

USA

Pre ident

Nabeel M. Amudi

Director

Public Aff irs

Ali M. Al Mutairi

Editor

Richard Doughty

Assistant Editor

Arthu P. Clark

Circul tion

Edna Catchings

Administration

Sarah Mill r

Publisher

Aramco Services Company

President

Basil A. Abul-Hamayel

Director

ublic ffairs

Jamal K. Khudair

Editor

Richard Doughty

Assistant Editors

Arthu P. Clark

Alva Robinson

Digital Media Editor

Jo nny Hanson

Circulation

Melissa Altman

i i

i

Miller

Intern

Suzanne Bader

Print Design

and Production

Graphic Engine Design

Printed in the USA

RR Donnelley/Wetmore

Digital Design

and Production

eSiteful Corporation

Online Translations

Transperfect

Contacts

Subscriptions:

[email protected] Editorial: [email protected] Mail:

AramcoWorld

Post Office Box 2106

Houston, Texas

77252-2106 USA

ISSN

1530-5821