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Volume 25, Number 5 September/October 1974

In This Issue

September/October 1974
Al-Hasa: Outpost of Empire
Written by Jon Mandaville
Photographed by Penny Williams-Yaqub

Centuries before oil had any meaning to the world the oasis towns of eastern Saudi Arabia were the pivot of a struggle between the empires of Turkey and Portugal.

All The Perfumes of Arabia
Written by Karen De Witt
Illustrated by Ed Davis

Surprising though it may sound, the cosmetics industry was not only born in the Middle East, but is flourishing there to this day.

Arabia In Bloom
Photographed by Khalil Abou El Nasr

After record rains in the northern reaches of Saudi Arabia last winter soaked seeds lying dormant in the sand, whole hillsides burst into flower.

Islam In Kashmir
Photographed by Harold Sequeira

In the 14th century Islam came to Kashmir, a lovely land of stately mosques, historic gardens, tranquil lakes and towering, glacier-clad mountains.

The Museum Calouste Built
Written by Angèle Kouymjian and Dickran Kouymjian

In Lisbon, one of the world's most famous oil magnates founded and endowed a museum to house one of the world's finest collections of Islamic art—his own.

Throne Room of The Gods
Written and photographed by Robert Arndt

More than 2,000 years ago a young king built a mysterious tomb high on the windswept cone of a peak called Nemrud Dagh in southern Turkey.