The Battle of Toulouse blunted Arab military expansion into southern France, but settlers, scholars, traders and troubadours joined in a rich blending of disparate cultures that helped shape the Europe of the future.
Saudi Aramco sends its very best and brightest to North American schools for advanced training, turning talented, well-educated employees into world-class healers, problem-solvers and innovators.
Eight centuries of history haunt Cairo's Citadel. Founded by Saladin, altered and expanded by nearly every Egyptian ruler since, the unchallenged fortress has become a maze of mosques, palaces and defenseworks.
Water for the Citadel
Farmers, weavers, traders and fishermen, the Muslim Chams of Vietnam and Kampuchea are the descendants of a great civilization of traders and builders that flowered between the sixth and ninth centuries.