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the exhibit and look at the photos you

find online.) Why do you think the folks at


chose the types of photos

they did? What do you think they are

trying to emphasize?


You can download the catalogue that

accompanied “Ferozkoh: Tradition and

Continuity in Afghan Art” at




”The Fabled Flatbreads of Uzbekistan”:

A Study of Tradition

At its most basic, bread is food—fuel for

human bodies, much the way that gasoline

is fuel for cars. But as this article explains,

there is much more to bread than that. In


“Six Degrees of Suriname” reports that the small South American country

is one of the most multicultural societies in the Americas. Why? If time is

short, read only the handwritten parts of the article to learn about different

examples of multiculturalism in Suriname and to find out what different

people say has made multiculturalism possible there. Make a list of what you

learn. If you have more time, read the entire article and add to your list. How

is Suriname both similar to and different from where you live? Write a journal

entry with your thoughts.

with two or three traditions. When you’ve

listed them, organize your notes and

thoughts, and write an article similar to

“Fabled Flatbreads.”

How will you illustrate your article?

What kind of photographs will convey to

your readers whatever it is you want them

to know about your bread? Again, use the

article as a guide. Will you take pictures

of the bread itself? If so, how will you

make the pictures visually interesting?

Will you take pictures of people who

make the bread? Or people engaged in

some typical activity that involves the

bread? Or the setting in which the bread

is made or sold? You might want to take

different kinds of photos and see which

ones you like best, both visually and in

terms of what they communicate.

Present your article and photos. If you

have access to a program that allows you

to lay out the text and photos the way a

magazine like


does, use

it. If not, present your article and photos

whatever way you want—such as a poster

with typed text, or something that looks

like the written text and visual images

on page 10 that are part of “Six Degrees

of Suriname.” Have your class display

everyone’s work.

Step Back and Evaluate

Now you’ve read about traditions that

involve bread, and you’ve analyzed and

reported on traditions involving bread

in your own culture. Anthropologists do

this sort of analysis all the time. Now that

you’ve done it too, did you find it valu-

able? What, if anything, has your study of

bread revealed to you or to others about

your culture? Is there another way that

someone could learn the same thing or

something similar? If so, what would it

be? If not, what makes the study of bread

unique? Discuss the question with your


Make Connections

How is a


or bread baker, similar

to and different from the artists depicted

in “Ferozkoh: Renewing the Arts of the

Turquoise Mountain”? Make a Venn

diagram that compares and contrasts the

nonvoy and the artist.

this lesson, you will have a chance to think

about bread the way an anthropologist

might, in terms of its cultural significance.

By the time you finish these activities, you

will be able to:

• describe what bread means and the

traditions associated with bread in

Uzbek culture

• write about the traditions associated

with bread in your culture

• assess the value of studying traditions

• evaluate the visual images that

accompany the article

Examine the Traditions

Read “Fabled Flatbreads of

Uzbekistan.” Then make a list of

different traditions mentioned in

the article that involve bread. (An

example of one of these traditions

is having an elder hold two loaves

of bread over a bride’s head.)

Choose one of the traditions that you

find particularly interesting. Write an

analysis of that tradition, using these

questions as your guide. What is the

tradition? Why do you think bread,

as opposed to some other food or

object, is used in it? What does the

tradition mean? What is the bread a

symbol for?

Try It

Think of yourself as a photojournalist

(or anthropologist) putting together

an article and photos about bread,

as Eric Hansen has done. Start

by identifying the type of bread

that is most important in your

culture—however you define that

culture. It might be regional. For

example, in the American South,

people often enjoy biscuits, while

in Ethiopia people eat


. Or

you might define your culture by

your religion or with a particular

holiday. Once you’ve chosen your

bread, brainstorm some of the

traditions that include it. (You can

use “Fabled Flatbreads” to get you

thinking.) See if you can come up

July/August 2015