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Volume 20, Number 6 November/December 1969

In This Issue

November/December 1969

Quest For Knowledge: A Special Issue

The near-reverent quest for knowledge by early Arab scholars, and the contributions to learning by Islamic scientists and mathematicians are familiar stories to most persons who know history.

Less familiar, we think, is the story of a new quest, one which began with the 19th-century awakening after 500 years of intellectual decay under the heavy hand of the Ottomans hut which has accelerated in the last two decades and is now moving ahead at a phenomenal pace.

Part of the story can be seen in the statistics that a team of Aramco World researchers and writers compiled during 1969, and that show how urgent most Arab nations today think modern, universal education is. To cite just one finding, during the last 10 to 15 years elementary school enrollment, faculties, class rooms and budgets have at least at the very least—doubled, and in some cases have increased tenfold.

The statistics of growth, however, are meaningless by themselves. Just as vital is the context in which growth occurs, the failures as well as the successes, the obstacles as well as the bright hopes. All these we have tried to describe in what we hope is a fair look at the efforts of many dedicated individuals in the Arab world who see in education the founda tion of the stability and progress they desire for their people, their countries, and, above all, their children.

                                                                            —The Editors


The New Breed
Written by Daniel Da Cruz

By 1980 the Arab states expect a university enrollment well in excess of half a million students.

The Special Needs
Photographed by Tor Eigeland and Khalil Abou El Nasr

To train technicians for an urban world and to help the handicapped to whom such a world comes so hard ...

Steeped In Glory
Written by Leslie Farmer
Photographed by Tor Eigeland

In 1961, one of the oldest universities in the world surrendered to the needs of today's educational renaissance.

Target for Tomorrow
Written by Elias Antar
Photographed by Peter Keen

"It is perhaps better to have the bread without the butter than to have nothing at all."

To Share the Burden
Written by Brainerd S. Bates

To share the burden of education in Saudi Arabia Aramco developed a wide range of programs.

Written by William Tracy
Photographed by Khalil Abou El Nasr

''The University of Jordan was established in the seventh decade of the twentieth century, not in the nineteenth..."

Wind From The West
Written by A. L. Miller
Photographs courtesy of The Jafet Memorial Library, The American University of Beirut

In the 19th century came the scholars who would rekindle the flame of learning in the Arab East.